Depression in Children and Adolescents

Covid 19 and Child Depression

As the pandemic continues to disrupt children’s lives by going to school online, not seeing friends, or seeing them over zoom, It is important for parents to check on their kids to see if they are showing symptoms of depression.

Sadness and depression are common when special activities are canceled. It may be hard for your children to have fun or stay positive.  But depression is more than just feeling sad or having bad days. A child who seems to be exhibiting symptoms of depression may need some professional help. Books can also help kid deal with their feelingsaffiliate link

Causes of Depression in Children and Adolescents

Depression in children and adolescents is not uncommon. Depression can be hereditary.  Children are born with their particular biology which can include predispositions to talents and challenges.  Babies’ brains change at a rapid pace. As your child develops you may start to notice talents or start to see delays or problems.

Some kids have difficulty coping If a learning problem is discovered.   Being different than other kids. Sometimes learning problems or other limitations can precipitate depression. Self-esteem can drop, and children can develop symptoms of depression as they realize their limitations.

No parent has a baby with the intention of providing a challenging environment for their child. Unfortunately, because of parental issues, children’s temperament, and family dynamics some kids do not fit in with their family or are very challenging to parents. At times this can end up in power struggles. Discipline, or behavior problems These issues as well can contribute to child and adolescent depression.

A loss is another significant contributor to Depression. Loss can take many forms. Some children have a difficult time when the family moves and they leave their friends. Other children struggle with loss when their parent’s divorce. One of the most difficult is the death of a close family member,

Developing Open Communication in Children and Adolescents

Developing an open dialogue is one way to stay on top of what is happening with your child or adolescent.  Some parents and kids have an easy time. Their children are open, and so if their child is depressed, they know about it.

Parent-Advisor recommends a way to keep the channels open especially for children age four to ten. How Do I Know If My Child is Depressed

The symptoms of depression in children and adolescents are varied as opposed to adult depression. The most important part of understanding depression is it is different from feeling sad or blue. Depression is a deeper more long-standing sense of sadness. well-known symptoms of depression include the following

Symptoms of Depression

  1. Long-lasting Sad Mood
  2. Irritability
  3. Disruptive Behavior at home or school
  4. Lack of Interest in school, social or fun activities
  5. Social Isolation or withdrawal
  6. Fatigue or low energy
  7. Changes in appetite either increase or decrease
  8. Changes in Sleep either increase or decrease
  9. Difficulty concentrating
  10. Excessive crying or tearfulness
  11. Discussions of Feeling worthless
  12. what do I do If I Think My Child or Adolescent is Depressed

A good rule to remember is if you have any concerns about your child is to go to the pediatrician first. Before making a diagnosis of anxiety or depression, it is important to rule out any other medical problems. If all checks out medically try to find a healthy child or adolescent psychotherapist. If your child is under ten years of age, it is always good to visit at least three therapists and see who you like best and who will work best with your child. If your child is over ten years of age, it is important to take your son or daughter with you to meet the therapists


Treatment for children and adolescents can involve a whole team of people.  Participate in a variety of interventions given the needs of the child and the parent’s can be the side. Some of these treatment methods include:

  1. Talk Therapy- Children and especially adolescents often prefer to speak with someone outside of their family or social circle. They want to be understood and feel safe not to be judged. My job is to help them to express their feelings and understand the reasons for their behavior.
  2. Play Therapy
  3. Family Therapy- Families can be complicated. Each member has his/her needs temperament and usually fulfills a role in the household. Sometimes one child is brought to therapy and in the literature is called the identified patient. The child or adolescent that is the identified patient is often acting out problems in the dynamic of the entire family.
  4. Divorced or Blended Families- Often children need to come to sessions with each set of parents separately.
  5. School Problems- In providing aid to the parents and advocacy for the child I offer a broad range of services. These include school observations, attending and providing input for Individual Educational Plan Meetings. Communicating with the teacher, counselor, and any other member of the school to help benefit the child.
  6.  Helping parents find the best school placement that fits the learning style, needs, and behaviors the child exhibits.
  7. Home Visits

 Some Toys and Books to Use at Home

AMOSTING Magnetic Blocks Building Set Magnet Tiles Educational Construction Toys for Boys and Girls Kids – Clear Rainbow Color

As a psychotherapist, I use these in my practice. It occupies children so they can discuss what is on their mind. They are compelling so adults find themselves playing along with children which creates a safe environment for kids to speak openly.

Reviews of these magnetic blocks are positive. They are very engaging for children and adults. Some children’s depression can improve with special time with a parent these blocks provide a good activity for parents and children to spend time together.







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